An inversion ankle sprain (foot twisting) is the most common type and affects the anterior talo-fibular ligament(ATFL) on the outside of the ankle. The ligaments that support the ankle are damaged, and if left untreated can cause chronic leg problems. Sprains are classified from grade 1-3.
Types of Ankle Sprains:
Grade 1: minor stretching of the ligament, no instability, mild pain and swelling
Grade 2: moderate tearing, some instability, moderate-severe pain on walking, moderate swelling
Grade 3: complete tear of the ligament, instability, inability to stand, severe pain and swelling
Fracture of the bone can be associated
Pain on the outside or inside of the ankle
Pain around the knee
Decreased ankle movements
Bruising or swelling around the ankle
What can be done?
Immediate assessment after the injury
Reduce inflammation to assist healing
Treatment to decrease pain and increase ankle movement
Rehabilitation program to help stabilise and improve muscle support
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